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5 Signs of Gum Disease and How to Treat It

May 01, 2019

5 Signs of Gum Disease

The following are some of the important signs of gum diseases –

  • Bleeding gums that regularly occur during or after brushing.
  • Gum discoloration.
  • Gums receding or pulling away from the teeth.
  • Consistent bad breath that won’t go away.
  • Loose teeth that are not caused by impact or any other force.

Gingivitis vs. Periodontitis

The mildest form of periodontal disease is known as Gingivitis. The presence of this disease in an individual causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. Gingivitis is caused by excessive plaque build up. If the plaque is not removed, it may produce toxins that result in irritation in the gum tissue which finally results in red and puffy gums. It can make them bleed easily.

If Gingivitis is ignored and left untreated, it causes Periodontitis. Periodontitis is more serious than gingivitis. The gum inflammation and recession are the very prime symptoms of Periodontitis. Periodontitis basically progresses slowly but rapid periods of progression can also occur.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Poor oral hygiene is the prime cause of various gum diseases. It may even lead to gingivitis. Other common causes of gum diseases include diabetes, use of certain medications, tobacco use, a poor diet, and genetic predisposition. However, most gum disease begins as simple gingivitis which can be easily treated and prevented.

How to Prevent Gum Disease

Prevention is always better than cure. It is easy to prevent various gum diseases in the following ways:

  • The best and the most convenient manner to prevent any gum disease is to maintain a healthy oral routine. Brushing twice per day for two minutes at a time and flossing once per day can help.
  • Proper and routine oral check-up by visiting the dentist at least twice a year also helps to fight against gum disease.
  • A proper diet is also very important in order to be healthy and prevent gum diseases.
  • It is best and even recommended to treat gum disease at early stages.

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